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Air in general

Air is a colourless, odourless and tasteless gas mixture. It consists of many gases, but primarily oxygen and nitrogen. Air can be considered a perfect gas mixture in most calculation contexts. The composition is relatively constant, from seal level and up to an altitude of 25 kilometres. Air is always more or less contaminated with solid particles, for example, dust, sand, soot and salt crystals. The degree of contamination is higher in populated areas, less in the countryside and at higher altitudes. Air is not a chemical substance, but a mechanically mixed substance. This is why it can be separated into its constituent elements, for example, by cooling.